A Paddocks Sectional Title Lifestyle Blog
Sectional title jargon giving you a headache? Read our glossary below to ease the pain.
If you want a more detail read our free Introduction to Sectional Titles booklet.
AGM: Annual General Meeting.
Body corporate: The legal entity that exists to manage and control the common property, made up of all owners of units in the scheme.
Body corporate manager: Another term for a sectional title managing agent.
Chairperson: The chairperson is the head of the board of trustees and has the primary role of chairing owner and trustee meetings. S/he is elected by the trustees at their first meeting after the AGM.
Common property: All the areas not included in the sections of the scheme and which every owner co-owns. Common property includes foyers, driveways, fences, gardens, stairways, lifts, pools and so on.
Exclusive use area: This is an area of common property co-owned by all owners, but to which only one owner holds the usage rights ie. no one else can use it. Good examples are a garden area directly outside the front or back of an owner’s section or a parking bay.
Levy/levies: Are contributions paid by owners to the body corporate to cover its anticipated expenses. Levies are usually paid monthly and are based on an owner’s PQ.
Managing agent: A person who manages sectional title bodies corporate professionally. They take over the responsibilities from the body corporate for arranging the maintenance of the common property and for collecting levies, calling and arranging meetings and so on. They report to the trustees of the body corporate.
Participation quota (PQ): A value expressed as a percentage that allocates the portion of the body corporate expenses that an owner is liable to pay, as well as the value of an owner’s vote. For residential sections, the PQ is calculated based on the size of the floor area of an owner’s section. Therefore the bigger the section the larger the share of expenses that owner is liable for and also the larger their voting value.
Reserve fund: Also called a sinking fund. Levies paid into this account are saved and used to cover the costs of future capital expenses such as replacing common property roofing, repainting the building and so on.
Rules: The rules that the owners of units and occupiers of sections must follow.
Section: A portion of a building or property, usually an apartment or townhouse (but may also be a garage, storeroom or other area) which can be separately owned from the rest of the building or property.
Sectional plan: The plan that shows the division of the land and building(s) into sections and common property. A copy of the scheme’s sectional plan will be held at your local Deeds Registry and can be obtained from there.
Sectional title scheme: Is a piece of land with a building(s) where individual owners own portions of the building(s) and co-own the common property. A scheme can be a vertical block of apartments or a one level row of townhouses which may be attached or detached. A scheme has a minimum of two sections and can be used for residential or commercial purposes or a mixture of both.
Trustees: The persons elected by the body corporate at each AGM to represent all the owners in the scheme. The trustees are responsible for the management, administration and maintenance of the common property and they must ensure that all the body corporate’s duties are carried out.
Unit: The ‘thing’ that a sectional title property owner actually owns. This is made up of his section (generally apartment/townhouse) and his undivided share of the common property.
Happy increasing your sectional title knowledge!
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